This research funded under the SPHR health inequalities programme involves an evaluation of a Big Lottery funded initiative that aims to give residents of 150 areas across England greater control over actions to improve their neighbourhood.
Please visit our webpage for this study: http://sphr.nihr.ac.uk/health-inequalities/home/
Who is undertaking the research?
The research is being undertaken by LiLaC in partnership with fellow SPHR member institutions including Sheffield, Exeter, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and FUSE, a collaboration of universities in North East England. The overall project is led by Professor Jennie Popay at the University of Lancaster. The research also involves close collaboration with local residents and Local Trust, the national organisation managing Big Local.
Why has this research been developed?
The most important driver for this evaluation is the growing body of evidence that low control may be a fundamental cause of inequalities in health. However, there is little evidence about effective ways to support greater control and impacts on health. Given the growing body of research suggesting that enhanced collective control can make a significant contribution to improving health and reducing health inequalities, the lack of evidence on effective ways to support greater control for communities needs to be addressed.
What is Big Local?
Big Local is run by Local Trust and funded by the Big Lottery Fund with an investment of more than £200 million. It provides residents in each community with at least £1m and a range of other support and funding to develop ways of improving their neighbourhoods. Big Local has the potential to improve health by focusing on important determinants (e.g. environment, neighbourhood stigma and social cohesion) and by increasing the control that residents have over actions to improve their neighbourhoods.
Phase 1 of the Communities in Control Study
The first phase began in January 2014 and ended in December 2015. During this period we conducted a process evaluation and the feasibility work required to conduct an evaluation of the health and social outcomes of Big Local.
Phase 2: The assessment of social and health outcomes of Big Local
The second phase of the Communities in Control Study got underway in October 2015 and ran until March 2017. This phase investigated how action taken by residents to improve their neighbourhoods as places to live is having an impact upon health and wellbeing. Early findings from Phase 2 are now available in this briefing.